NON FERROUS METALS, MINING AND METALLURGY
About the committee
The objectives of the Non Ferrous Metals research committee are to collect knowledge and supporting education and research on pre-historical and historical mining and metallurgy.
Jernkontoret, the Swedish Steel Producers' Association was founded in 1747 and today, after 250 years, it is still an active trade organisation of great importance.
Research was an important part of the association's sphere of interest from the very beginning, but it wasn't until the 1960's that a Historical Metallurgy group was set up on the initiative of Inga Serning, senior lecturer in archaeology at the Stockholm University. Serning was Sweden’s first expert in archaeometallurgy.
In 1980 the Non Ferrous Metals committee was set up, under the name of the Tjust committee, and the original objective was research connected to possible early use of the superficial copper ore deposits in Tjust, a south-eastern part of Sweden. The committee made an archaeological inventory survey in the area around Hellerö, Västra Ed's parish and in 1983 archaeological excavations were executed, providing evidence for Bronze Age metallurgical activities.
The Tjust committee was reorganised in 1984 into Research Committee 9031/84, the Sulphide Ore Group. Projects connected to the group were the Hallunda project (the excavation of a large Bronze Age settlement in the southern Stockholm area; Gunnel Vahlne), Trace element patterns in Medieval bronzes (Helena Forshell), Medieval lead- and silver mines (Ylva Roslund) and Medieval lead- and silver production (Ola Nilsson). Seminars were held with invited lecturers, among them Professor Robert Maddin, US, Professor Andreas Hauptman, Germany, Dr Billy O'Brien, Ireland and Dr Helle Vankinde, Denmark.
The group was once again reorganised in 1995, into committee 9048/95 - Non Ferrous Metals, Mining and Metallurgy. By this time the chairman since 1980, Senior Lecturer Gunborg O. Janzon, was succeeded by Professor Dag Noréus from the Institution of Structural Chemistry at Stockholm University. The projects of the committee are now mainly connected to ongoing PhD studies at the Stockholm University. The Hellerö project from the original Tjust committee is still present as an active project.
The research concerns a wide span of time, from ancient times into the modern era, and includes matters of mining, manufacture of metals and their impact on society and economics.
Three larger symposia’s have been held, in 1988, 1995 and 2003. Two projects have resulted in doctoral theses at the Stockholm University:
Helena Forshell. 1992. The Inception of Copper Mining in Falun. Thesis and papers in archeology B:2. Stockholm University. Stockholm.
Eva Skyllberg. 2001. Södermanlands medeltida bergsbruk – en feodal angelägenhet. Sörmländska handlingar nr 50. Nyköping.
Gunborg O Janzon
Webmaster: vacant. Last update June 02 2008